The EQ has been developed to measure empathy among adults with average IQ levels. Empathy is defined as the ability to understand others’ intentions, predict behaviour, and experience an emotion triggered by their emotion. In short, the ability to interact effectively in the social world.
The questionnaire contains 40 empathy items and 20 filler/control item. The questions contain four answer options varied from ‘definitely agree’ to ‘definitely disagree’, and mirrored items.
Scores are calculated by adding up items. Higher scores indicate higher empathy level. Scores can range between 0-70.
Research has shown that adolescents with ASC scored significantly lower on the EQ. Generally women score higher than men on the EQ. The EQ is negatively correlated to the SQ. EQ adolescent has a high internal consistency (a = 0.94) and good test–retest reliability (r = 0.84, p ‹ 0.001)
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